‪In three months we’ve seen an explosion of street activity that took us all by surprise. Whereas there’s always been a core of far-left activity in Britain that has, in rhetoric if not in action, stood as a public opposition to capital, it would be fair to say that for many years even the most effective action has been on a local scale, where hard-working activists have played King Canute to the tide of neo-liberalism. However, in an autumn, we have seen an afternoon of smashed windows turn into an almost hyperactive atmosphere where an attitude of social cynicism and apathy seems to have turned to anger. Whilst we can (probably) all agree that this offers an opportunity to challenge the logic of parliamentary-democracy and, in turn, capital, if the struggle can be spread from students to the wider social body. However, we must be honest with ourselves, both on the current parameters of the social crisis, and the fact that a social crisis does not amount to a crisis in capitalism.‬

‪Whilst “the movement” made a significant impact on the mainstream media, and raised direct action and extra-parliamentary politics as a spectre at the least, it’s important not to get too carried away. Even over the short Christmas break, issues around unity and sectarianism, carried over from earlier, pre-existing arguments, but also from new tactical and organisational divisions, have started to spread, ironically exacerbated by the social media which has proved such a vital organisational tool. Significant actions need to be taken in order to return to an atmosphere of class antagonism, if only on a media stage, in order to stimulate a sense of momentum and confidence in class antagonism proper.‬

The manifestations of the student “movement” have been two-fold, firstly, a wave of occupations that spread across university campuses towards the end of the year, and four major national demonstrations of increasing anger, intensity and violence that pushed the issue to the front of the national press, ending with a sight almost unthinkable just weeks before: major civil disorder by youths in Parliament Square whilst the coalition pushed through proposals on tuition fees with a much diminished majority. If you had predicted such a scenario just a month and a half before to even the most committed ultra-leftist activist you’d have been swatted away from conversation as a fantasist. Such a swift turn-around is what created such a hyperactive buzz, on parts of campuses and in the online student opinion press and personal blogs. It was also this rapid change, and the new potentials it seemed to offer, that precipitated the series of occupations.‬

‪The principles behind an occupation, especially at a university, are well laid out. It is the principle of direct action- to interrupt the functioning of the university, not as a symbolic protest but in an attempt to disrupt or halt the operations of the university as an economic entity. A sit-in is simply occupying a space in protest, or to provide that space as a resource, for education or debate, but an occupation is an attack on the functioning of the institution itself. To varying extents the 40+ occupations across the country succeeded in this, whether by occupying lecture halls, administration buildings or libraries. These occupations were really a huge political eye-opener to many of the participants. Unlike in many European countries, British universities are relative strangers to the occupation model, and reports have varied as to reactions and decisions made within different academic institutions. Whilst some operated effectively, others suffered from divisions. Whilst some managed to hold on to spaces for long periods, others were quickly evicted by management, often with the help of bailiffs and the police. ‬

‪The occupation of the library at Goldsmiths College in South East London seemed to be an interesting case study with wider ramifications. Goldsmiths (both the management and the student body) sees itself as a radical institution- indeed, ironically, this radicality is a key recruitment tool for the university. The College went into occupation quite late in comparison to others, and pretty soon fractious divisions arose amongst occupying students regarding the nature of the action. Whilst many students and staff felt that a full closure of the library was the only action that could push beyond a symbolic protest, others felt that such a move, especially in the month leading up to key dissertation deadlines, would only turn the majority of the student body against the nascent “movement”. This division seems indicative of a wider divide within the student “movement”- the divide between those who were already politically active, and those who have been induced into action, or wider political awareness, by the implementation of massive cuts to public services as part of the “package of austerity measures”. Whilst certain arguments are well-rehearsed within political currents, their foundations and implications might not be so obvious to people new to direct action. And that’s not to suggest a hierarchy, that they’re necessarily right– certainly there is no bigger enemy of programmatism than fresh eyes, picking holes in often dry and tired dogmatism taken for granted by operating politicos. It was this division that was played out dramatically at Goldsmiths College.‬

‪There can be no denying that tensions in the space ran extremely high; meetings became tortured and laborious without offering many real tactical gains, and often a sense of personal antagonism poisoned the air. Whilst there was no doubt a kernel of difference which was the base of this atmosphere, it is important we do not overweight the significance of it- there was much agreement, discussion, solidarity and friendship within the room, even some sexy-time if management are to be believed. Small problems were exacerbated by fatigue and stress as well as procedural difficulties. However, we should not flinch from being self-critical here, but we should put the division into perspective. There was no fundamental schism, but rather a lack of communication between political positions, and a lack of understanding of others politics.‬

‪This highlighted a fundamental problem, however. How effective is occupation of an educational resource as a weapon? An occupation seems like a logical step for an educational institution, but is it the most effective use of our time, energy and resources? In the end at Goldsmiths there was not an occupation, but a sit in, but would an occupation have been any more effective, or would it have been counterproductive to the achievement at a time when the majority of the student body do not necessarily identify themselves with the student movement? Those engaged in occupations really must ask themselves, we feel, the degree of economic frustration caused by shutting down occupations. ‬

‪It would seem to us that, whilst we shouldn’t write off occupation of the university as a tactic, it is not the most effective use of our time, and politically (with a small p) they often prove unnecessarily contentious and counter-productive. Much of this is an issue of political fluency- the occupation is not currently part of the political language in our country, whereas it might be better understood in other areas of the world. Whilst we hold a responsibility to change that misunderstanding, we can not act as immediatists, and blame others for not understanding the political and tactical objectives of the occupation. And once we hold directly-democratic student assemblies, we cannot then override that process because it starts slipping into reformism. In such a situation our task as radicals should be agitation, not cutting ourselves off.‬

‪This raises a more pertinent issue- what is the most effective extra-parliamentary direct action the student movement could take right now? Whilst we acknowledge the tactic of occupation on our campuses, and reserve the right to take that action which we deem necessary, perhaps we could push our energy into a more effective form of economic (and class) warfare.‬

‪The focus of the previous few month’s action has been squarely upon parliament. That action has been radical, often violent, but it betrays a fundamental falsehood– that the key to social change lies within Westminster, within the centralised power-structures of parliamentary democracy. The protests, whilst rejecting the slightly tragic leadership of the National Union of Students, has still focused it attentions on the same arena– by lobbying those in power, we might, somehow, persuade, threaten or guilt-trip them into doing the right thing. What that is, we’re not sure. Not implementing tuition fees, no doubt, but the analysis ends their; the popular accusation of “spoilt students defending their free education” might not be so far from the truth, if that were the case. As long as capital operates outside Parliament, we must operate outside Parliament. Politics is not a limited sphere of negotiations around lawmaking that exists solely within the limits of Westminster, politics is our everyday interaction.‬

‪Any more radical approach must focus not on the machinations of Parliament, but on the economic system Parliament is sworn to protect– the system of deregulated financial capital that created the social crisis in the first place, with it’s reckless gambling on markets and subsequent transference of the results of that failure onto the public pocket, in the form of public ownership of the banks. By refocusing the dissent against the financial industry, the struggle against austerity can start to seriously undermine the dominant “argument” for the massive attack on the working-class– that is, the language of “inevitablism”, that the cause of the social crisis is a deficit caused by reckless public spending. This, so far, has been a real problem with the student “movement” when it comes to engaging in dialogue with the wider public, a public so far relatively disengaged from the idea of opposing cuts.‬

‏‪The point of the economic blockade is two-fold, direct and political; firstly, to shut down the financial industry whose continued operation works against the interests of ordinary people, and secondly; to draw attention to the fact the students cause is not the protection of a mollycoddled middle-class elite but an attack on the financial scam that has put us all in this situation.‬

There’s class warfare, all right, but it’s my class, the rich class, that’s making war, and we’re winning. -Warren Buffett

‪We don’t perceive this to necessarily be a radical agenda in itself, but the start of a process of offering an alternative, intelligent and practical criticism of capitalism. It’s the start of asserting that the problem isn’t Labour’s sloppiness in book-keeping (as the coalition claims) or general Tory nastiness (as much of the student movement seems to be asserting). It’s to raise the role and effects of the financial system as the originator of the current austerity measures.‬

‪When it comes to direct action, every struggle must use the weight of their enemy against them, must take advantage of every weakness. In Greece, the sanctuary of the university and historical position of the students enables us to push against the state directly in the streets. In Britain, we learnt for the first time that the one weapon we can use most effectively in the face of police repression is improvisation- to turn quickly on our heels and bolt before the monolith of a militarised police line can react. Like that police line, the industrialisation of our education system, teamed with a paranoiac fear of bad publicity damaging their market stake, has turned our universities into a bureaucratic behemoth. If we take advantage of that, we can use the resources a campus offers to the best of our advantages. To hold a physical space for a week in London, a convergence space to be freely utilised to fight against austerity, to meet fellow students, to practice tactics and prepare tools, a place to come to rest together after an action- this is a massive practical achievement that is more than possible today.‬

‪Therefore, a proposal; we take what we learned from a hectic two months and dozens of nationwide university occupations and work together to step up the fight against austerity. In the week approaching the next national demonstration against fees and cuts we take control of physical space within our universities not with the aim of shutting down the education system, but with the aim of shutting down the financial sector which has engineered this crisis. We use those spaces, and social media, to launch a week of flash-mobs, sit-ins and shut-downs of the infrastructure that support the city- train stations, tube lines, city-boy pubs. Each action planned on the hoof, with hundreds of students throughout the week improvising take-overs of Canary Wharf, creative actions inside the Bank of England, a close-down of the stock-exchange, if only for an hour. A week where the students take the fight to those who started it- the financiers who are still in the clover as the public sector is closed down. A week of economic warfare.‬



18 responses to “OCCUPATION/BLOCKADE

  1. Pingback: OCCUPATION/BLOCKADE « Really Open University


  3. ok, interesting, but isn’t it a problem with proposals like this that they rely on/promote the idea of capital, or capitalism, as something that exists in “the city”, as opposed to being a social relationship which we encounter in every day life (where we reproduce it), and can best be ‘blockaded’ (if you like) there?

  4. communard: There is one hell of a lot more “capital” in the city than in my every day life. If you chase the money there are a few nexus’s and plenty of vulnerable points. Think of distribution and logistics. Consider the main arteries.

  5. Great but needs more concretisation. A university is fundamentally, when it really comes down to it, just a financial racket, so what is the best way to stop the financial functioning of a university? Occupying the corridor that contains the bursar’s office might be a start…

    Did you see the proposal by (don’t dismiss this out of hand because 0f who made it!!) by Eric Cantona?? He suggested that those who want to fight the bankers and financial capitalists do something very very simple – we just all take some money out of our bank accounts on the same day, triggering a BANK RUN. This was a bit of a flop in December because the organisers had this idea that they could promote it by getting people to “sign up” via a website.

    They forgot the STREET. My proposal is that using websites, interventions at meetings, and leafleting sessions anywhere and everywhere, we spread bits of paper (and encouragement to print them out from websites and hand them out) saying:

    NAME: ________________
    ADDRESS: ______________
    BANK: ___________________
    BANK ACCOUNT NUMBER: _______________
    TO: Branch Manager
    Dear Sir,
    I hold the above-numbered account with you. Please pay me _______ pounds in cash from my account.
    Yours sincerely,
    _______________ (signed)

    Either on the back, or at the top of the piece of paper (to be torn off if you want, or not torn off if you don’t want), write a few sentences encouraging people to copy and distribute the document, and to use it at such and such a time on such and such a date. E.g. BANK RUN, 1pm, 30 Jan 2010.

    Right, now imagine what happens. What you get is queues outside individual banks. Use the flash mob model if you want. Use ANY damn model. Just get people to ANY bank branches. Even 10 people at a given branch, all at the same time, handing out leaflets to spread the idea.

    Are people in this country for or against the banks? We won’t be kidding ourselves if we recognise that MILLIONS of people think THE BANKS HAVE GOT IT COMING TO THEM.

    So you get queues. You get hundreds of people in a High Street learning about what’s going on. Nothing to stop the same individuals making 2 or 3 withdrawals either. You get local media stories. You MAKE local media stories. And here’s the point: IT WON’T TAKE MUCH FOR BRANCHES TO START TELLING PEOPLE TO GO AWAY, “sorry but we can’t let you withdraw your money today”. Or “WE’RE CLOSING OUR DOORS FOR SECURITY REASONS” or whatever.

    Then you get a BIG BANK RUN.

    I’m suggesting that in December it wasn’t organised properly; it was too centralised.


    This proposed action was imaginative and deserves a second go, comrades.

    Anyone else in on it?

  6. Oops, I’m so full of enthusiasm I forgot it’s 2011! 🙂

  7. Before, the banks dismissed this as a “thieves’ charter”!! This provokes the instant response: Who did they say were the thieves?

    They’re WEAK in this area – very WEAK.

  8. <a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-12-23/netherlands-plans-to-make-call-for-bank-run-a-criminal-offense.html title="The Dutch government proposes to make calling for a bank run a criminal offence”.

  9. Another try…

  10. And another.

  11. Can’t get the tags to work. Anyway, the Dutch government wants to make CALLING FOR A BANK RUN a criminal offence. Here’s a link:


    • Dearest Vix, as ever an AMAZING haul of stuff!You look fabulous in the Hawaiian dress.I love the lurex blouse, the yellow sandals! The bucket hat, the green shGtts.oenerarion X was great I must check out T C Boyle.Are you around tomorrow for a chat? Love you xx

    • Thank you so much for this! I haven’t been this thrilled by a blog post for a long time! You have got it, whatever that means in blogging. Anyway, You are definitely somebody that has something to say that people should hear. Keep up the good work. Keep on inspiring the people!

  12. Sorry ‘yes’, why would we want to bankrupt the banks that hold our money? A general run on the banks is uncontrollable and would cause massive economic damage that would negatively impact on everyone… Need I remind you that the current programme of austerity has been supported by the public due to the fallout of a financial crisis? And your proposal to fight the austerity programme is to cause another financial crisis?

  13. Anne – what you need to remind me of is precisely what you need to think about. Of course people don’t “support” the austerity measures in the sense of thinking they’re really good. On the contrary, they just aren’t fighting them enough. If people got together to lay one on the banks, the country would begin to smell just a little bit better for the first time in decades. Please remind yourself that the banks are holding the country to ransom – the government’s line is that cuts are necessary because the banking system must be protected. What we are calling for is precisely to take the fight onto new terrain, where people for once don’t just sit down and take everything that’s bashed into them. Yes of damn course we need to bring down the effing banks. Incidentally, the Dutch govt proposes to make calling for bank runs illegal. They’re scared. Give them what they’re scared of. Your argument actually boils down to “we’re all in the same boat”. You think we need the banks, otherwise the roof would fall in. Please try to think a little more clearly!

  14. Another point Anne. Never mind the stock phrases like “economic damage” and “the public” and “financial crisis”. A massive depression is starting. Before bubbles burst, the curve shoots upwards. The consumerist period is ending; and just before that, working class debt was ratcheted up to unprecedented levels and there was massive advertising to buy anything you wanted, with a little bit of “help” from the bank. In the coming period, the propaganda line will be all about a little social bowl and too many mouths. It’s an urgent necessity that people stop “thinking” in the terms the bosses put into their heads, and start thinking for themselves. The social question is simple. So is understanding the present period of history. The banks are parasites. They should be seen as the number one enemy. It is they who hold the system together, more so even than the army. AND THEY’RE WEAK IN THE FACE OF A BANK RUN. We have the power. I hope you begin to get this!

  15. OK Anne, imagine the scenario that people do take part in a deliberate run on the banks, and imagine that as a result, half of the big high street banks go bankrupt. Imagine the feeling of power that people will feel. Imagine how they’ll scoff when they hear politicians and bankers and experts come on the telly after that! That’s if they even turn on their damn tellies. Do you think, at that point, people will be in the frame of mind to think “there’s an even bigger financial crisis now, so the government are quite right to want us to support even bigger austerity measures”. I’ve left the stock phrases in here deliberately, because my question is whether, in those circumstances, you think people really WOULD “think” like that.

    We HAVE to hit the economy: transport, production, AND finance – but no prizes for guessing which one of these is in the saddle in the UK and the world. We have to bring things to a standstill. This is why I support the DSG’s proposal, and am suggesting a possible unifying theme.

    By taking part in a genuine movement, by acting imaginatively and collectively, people begin to wake up. A successful run on the banks that bankrupts some of these disgusting robber outfits will make people feel better than they’ve felt for ages. If such a movement wasn’t an “awakening”, I don’t know what kind of movement would be.

    When people deal with banks, in the normal course of things they are isolated. Causing a bank run to bring the bastards down would BREAK the isolation and powerlessness. It’s an idea whose TIME HAS COME.

    One last very simple point – it’s unquestionably a major WEAK POINT for our enemy. And where else do you want to hit the enemy other than at his weak points?

  16. As far as I can tell, it’s you who doesn’t “get this”. Leaving aside the practical difficulties of ACTUALLY bankrupting a bank (which is pretty difficult these days, as most states seem to be more willing to protect the banks than the depositors in any dispute and therefore are likely to allow banks to simply stop filling people’s requests for withdrawals before it gets to the stage of causing a crisis), if we actually DID bankrupt “some of these disgusting robber outfits”, we would also thereby bankrupt massive numbers of ordinary people.

    “Imagine the feeling of power that people will feel. Imagine how they’ll scoff when they hear politicians and bankers and experts come on the telly after that!” I don’t imagine it will last very long once they’ve lost their job and the job centre stops paying out due to lack of tax receipts and they can’t feed their family. I doubt people will be scoffing when they realise they’re even worse off than they were before, whereas the bankers will make off with their latest bonus and their savings safely deposited in another country’s (tax haven) banks.

    My argument doesn’t boil down to “we’re all in the same boat” except in a very basic sense in which we ARE all in the same boat. I’m not arguing for class collaboration in any real sense, I’m not arguing for a cross-class coalition or an end to class offensives from below. I’m simply pointing out that bringing down the banking system – and thereby large parts of the rest of the economy – is like suicide bombing. Yes, it may harm the enemy, but that doesn’t mean it ONLY harms them!

    Bringing down the banking system is fine if you have an immediate plan of action with mass support among the public to institute a new economy, a new system of production and exchange and control of the means of production, and the means to implement it all (including revolutionary self-defence in the face of possible aggression by those who would reclaim their property, etc). Unless you have this, however, pulling down the central pillar of our economy just causes it to come crashing down around us, complete with the decline in living standards, loss of life, etc that that entails, to no positive effect.

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